Distance Calculation

Latitude/Longitude Distance Calculation in SQL Server

Here’s the SQL function:

CREATE FUNCTION CoordinateDistanceMiles(
@Latitude1 float,
@Longitude1 float,
@Latitude2 float,
@Longitude2 float
)
RETURNS float 
AS  
BEGIN 
-- CONSTANTS
DECLARE @EarthRadiusInMiles float;
SET @EarthRadiusInMiles = 3963.1
DECLARE @PI  float;
SET @PI = PI();
-- RADIANS conversion
DECLARE @lat1Radians float;
DECLARE @long1Radians float;
DECLARE @lat2Radians float;
DECLARE @long2Radians float;
SET @lat1Radians = @Latitude1 * @PI / 180;
SET @long1Radians = @Longitude1 * @PI / 180;
SET @lat2Radians = @Latitude2 * @PI / 180;
SET @long2Radians = @Longitude2 * @PI / 180;
RETURN Acos(
Cos(@lat1Radians) * Cos(@long1Radians) * Cos(@lat2Radians) * Cos(@long2Radians) + 
Cos(@lat1Radians) * Sin(@long1Radians) * Cos(@lat2Radians) * Sin(@long2Radians) + 
Sin(@lat1Radians) * Sin(@lat2Radians)
) * @EarthRadiusInMiles;
END

Here is how to use it.

SELECT * FROM Hotels
WHERE dbo.CoordinateDistanceMiles(Latitude, Longitude, @ZipLatitude, @ZipLongitude)  @Radius 
--@Radius is miles.
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